In a class with a certain number of students if one…

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In a class with a certain number of students, if one student weighting 50 kg is added then the average weight of the class increased by 1 kg. If one more student weighting 50 kg is added, then the average weight of the class increased by 1.5 kg over the original average. What is the original average weight (in kg) of the class?

  1. A. 2
  2. B. 4
  3. C. 46
  4. D. 47

Answer: Option D

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Solution(By ExamCraze Team)

Let the original average weight of the class be x kg and let there be n students.
Then, sum of weights of n students = (nx) kg
$$eqalign{ & therefore frac{{nx + 50}}{{n + 1}} = x + 1 cr & Rightarrow nx + 50 = left( {n + 1} right)left( {x + 1} right) cr & Rightarrow nx + 50 = nx + x + n + 1 cr & Rightarrow x + n = 49 cr & Rightarrow 2x + 2n = 98.....(i) cr & {text{And,}} cr & Rightarrow frac{{nx + 100}}{{n + 2}} = x + 1.5 cr & Rightarrow nx + 100 = left( {n + 2} right)left( {x + 1.5} right) cr & Rightarrow nx + 100 = nx + 1.5n + 2x + 3 cr & Rightarrow 2x + 1.5n = 97.....(ii) cr} $$
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we get: 0.5n = 1 or n = 2
Putting n = 2 in (i), we get: x = 47

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